Post Memorial Day weekend update. Just over forty new entries this week with representative markers and monuments from Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. Here’s the rundown:
– A Georgia state marker in Ringgold points toward the Chickamauga battlefield, nine miles away.
– New entries add to the markers covering the initial actions in the Atlanta Campaign. A marker in Rocky Face points out the Confederates mounted a defense there on two occasions – February 1864 and later on May 8-9, 1864 – both times the attacks included the Federal 14th Corps. Four in Gordon County discuss the actions around Calhoun, Georgia in May 16-18, 1864. Then another marker entry from Marietta discusses Federal attempts to cross the Chattahoochie in July 1864.
– One Georgia entry prompted a lot of editorial discussion among the board of HMDB. The Eternal Flame of the Confederacy is technically indoors. But the entry was accepted as it was outside at one point and it’s new location is partly to provide a safer area for visitors to view the artifact. The flame itself was part commemoration by the United Confederate Veterans, but also in honor of the festivities surrounding the premiere of “Gone with the Wind.” There’s a lot of “Civil War Memory” tied up in this one!
– Three entries from around Cumberland, Maryland expand the coverage of Civil War events in western Maryland. Two of these, a state marker and a Civil War Trails wayside, discuss actions at Folick’s Mill on August 1, 1864, where Federals ambushed McCausland’s raiders returning from Chambersburg. The third marker, in town, indicates the location of a Civil War hospital.
– A marker from Milton, North Carolina indicates the location of Woodside House, where General Stephen Ramseur recovered from wounds in 1863, and where he married his cousin, Ellen Richmond.
– Outside Eaton, Ohio is another noteworthy Civil War veterans memorial. This one was commissioned by William Ortt to honor his comrades.
– More markers from the town of Gettysburg. These are mostly Main Street Gettysburg markers, but included are two Gettysburg Battlefield Preservation Association markers at the site of Camp Letterman. I am grateful to the folks at Gettysburg Daily for the use of their photos, as those markers currently are marked with graffiti.
– We all know the war started in Charleston, South Carolina. A plaque on Market Street in the city indicates the site of the old Institute Hall, where the Ordinance of Secession was signed, officially marking the break.
– In nearby Mount Pleasant, South Carolina a National Park Service wayside discusses the impressive array of artillery pieces at Fort Moultrie. Some of the heavy guns on display there are one-of-a-kind types.
– A few steps away is a state marker referencing the CS H.L. Hunley. The marker’s text includes a list of the submarine’s final crew.
– LaGrange, Tennessee saw a lot of wartime activity. It was occupied by Federal forces for most of the war. For a while, General Sherman hung his hat at nearby Woodlawn. And, anyone who has watch the movie “The Horse Soldiers” will recall, Colonel Grierson started his famous raid into Mississippi in the town.
– A Tennessee state marker just south of the Shiloh battlefield provides a brief overview of the battle. Not in the Civil War category, but of interest to those who study the history of the battlefields, another state marker close to Shiloh discusses Civilian Conservation Corps Camp 2425 MP-3, which worked at the park in the 1930s.
– In the small town of Pocahontas, Tennessee a state marker highlights the Battle of Davis Bridge, October 5, 1862. The action was fought as the Confederates withdrew from a failed assault on Corinth, Mississippi. The actual battlefield is well south of the main road, but somewhat preserved in a local park.
– A relatively small action in Moscow, Tennessee in October 1863 was a hallmark of sorts. During the battle, the 2nd West Tennessee Infantry, an African-American regiment raised in the Memphis area, acquitted itself well, receiving accolades from General Stephen A. Hurlbut.
– Four markers added to the Fredericksburg sets. Three of these were featured on a recent “Naked Archaeologist” site tour – Confederate Earthworks, The Gallant Pelham, and the Winter Line – at Pelham’s Crossing. The fourth, a bit further out, indicates the location of Jackson’s Headquarters through the winter of 1862-63.
– A Civil War Trails marker in Milford, Virginia discusses some of the lesser known actions as Grant continued to probe around the Confederate flanks after the battle of Spotsylvania during the Overland Campaign of 1864.
– Another Civil War Trails marker in Meherrin, Virginia discusses activity related to the Wilson-Kautz raid of 1864.
– One addition to the Ball’s Bluff battlefield collection, which I must have overlooked before. This marker discusses the changes to the field since the battle, and efforts to restore it to the wartime appearance.
With summer finally upon us, expect to see more of the interesting markers “discovered” by our corespondents on the many Civil War battlefields. And while out on your own battlefield stompings, if you happen upon a marker we’ve missed, by all means consider adding it to the Historical Marker Database.